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Kempe Gowda (1513-1569) was a chieftain of Yelahanka (now in present day Bangalore), a feudatory of the Vijayanagara Empire. At first, he called the town he discovered
"Benda-kaal-ooru", which means 'city of boiled beans'.Later, when the British invaded India, they renamed it Bangalore. Bangalore is still called "Bengalooru" by locals and natives. He is credited
with having established the Indian city of Bangalore in 1537. Kempegowda built the four towers that mark the boundaries of Bangalore. He built more than 100 lakes and many markets in and around
Bangalore. He also built many monuments in and around Bangalore, including the Nandi Temple. One of the towers stands in Lalbagh which has been rebuilt to look like a temple.
He is the personality who is regarded as the foremost among the people belonging to this community. Also known as NAADA PRABHU (Leader of the Land) Although he brought in several reforms in the social conditions he never hurt anybody’s sentiment and by and large his decisions have endured the test of the times. His traits in policy and decision making is inspirational to many a leaders even to this day
Kengal Hanumanthaiah was born in 1908 to a Vokkaliga family in Lakkappanapalli, a small village in Bangalore district. He graduated in Arts from the Mysore Maharaja College in 1930, and later completed LL.B from Poona Law College in 1932. During his college days, he was elected as the secretary of the Students Union and Karnataka Sangha.
After graduating from law, he joined the bar council in the same year. Dr. P. Tandon, the then President of Indian National Congress, advised Kengal Hanumanthaiah to give up active practice at the bar and to devote himself to the freedom struggle. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, Hanumanthaiah pitched himself into the freedom struggle and was imprisoned more than nine times.
After established himself on the political scenario, Kengal Hanumanthaiah was unanimously elected the leader of the Congress Parliamentary Party in Mysore in 1948 and was sworn in as Mysore's second chief minister. Having philanthropic characteristics and immense administrative qualities, his tenure as a Chief Minister marked efficient state-of-affairs, aimed at uplifting the rural population of the state and progressive economic growth.
Hanumanthaiah's major contribution was the construction of the "Vidhana Soudha", the largest legislature-cum-office building in India at that time. His other key achievement was the unification of Karnataka. He played a pivotal role in the unity of the Kannada speaking areas within the boundaries of a single state.
Hanumanthaiah became a member of the Union Government as a cabinet minister with portfolio of railways in January 1971.
The Vidhana Soudha:
During an interview, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, explained the reasoning behind the architectural styles of the monument. A Russian cultural delegation was visiting Bangalore and K Hanumanthaiah took them around to show the city. Every now and then they queried, "Have you no architecture of your own? They are all European buildings". Stung, K Hanumanthaiah, vowed to create a monument so magnificent that it would showcase the best of South India's indigenous architectural styles.
Shantaveri Gopala Gowda (March 14, 1923-June 9, 1972) was one of the pioneers of the socialist movement in Karnataka. He was influenced by Ram Manohar Lohia.
He mentored several socialists in Karnataka including J.H.Patel, Bangarappa, S. M. Krishna and D. Devaraj Urs,who became the chief ministers of the state. Urs was inspired and understood the depth of Gopala Gowda's mind and life which was devoted to the poor and working classes, especially the farmers. The Land reforms act and renaming of the state from Mysore to Karnataka are thanks to his association with Gopala Gowda.
Besides he was a firebrand politician, and, probably, this staunch Lohiaite deserved to be the most ideal Chief minister of Karnataka. He knew the culture of the land and being a villager himself was more endearing to the ‘Raitha Samudaya’(Farmer community) of Karnataka. A well read person with a strong love for the Kannada language had been friend to many intellectual and sensitive literary figures of Karnataka like poet Gopalkrishna Adiga, Jnanapith awardee Dr. U.R. Ananthamurthy, versatile journalist Late P. Lankesh, Ryot leader Prof.M.D.Nanjundaswamy, etc., In fact, Dr.Ananthamurthy wrote the novel by name ‘Avasthe’ meaning ‘state of life’. It was also made into a sensitive movie, with actor Anantanag playing the main role. There is a saying that Mr.Shantaveri gopalagowda used to create fear in the minds of every corrupt Politician in Karnataka and he dared breaking the mike during the address by the Governor when he felt that the sensitivity of a Kannada Citizen is hurt. A real idealist, dare devil leader; and, the famous ‘Kagodu satyagraha’ is evergreen in the minds of people, more so in the minds of farmers of Karnataka. His death at an early age actually brought an almost abrupt end to the socialist movement in Karnataka. Only Prof.M.D. Nanjundaswamy, to some extent carried on his shoulders what Gopalagowda would have done. Gowda’s political role was pivotal in a country like India which boasts to be the country of Farmers.